Howard I. Browman

Principal Research Scientist

Institute of Marine Research
Marine Ecosystem Acoustics Group
Austevoll Research Station
N-5392 Storebø, NORWAY
Tel. +47 98 86 07 78 (mobile)
Email: Howard Browman

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Education

Ph.D. (1989) in Systematics and Ecology (Limnology), University of Kansas
M.Sc. (1985) in Biological Oceanography, McGill University
B.Sc. (1982) in Marine Biology, McGill University

Professional Experience

(partial list of recent activity)

Current
1998- Principal Research Scientist, Institute of Marine Research, Norway
2012- Editor-in-Chief, ICES Journal of Marine Science
2010- Member, Council of Science Editors Editorial Policy Committee
2014 – Member, Scientific Advisory Panel, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research

Past
2013-2014: Member-at-Large, Board of Directors, Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography
2013-2014: Member, International Advisory Board, Committee on Publication Ethics
2013-2015: Section Editor (Marine Ecology), PLOS ONE
2012-2015: Member and Vice-Chair, European Food Safety Authority, Animal Health and Welfare Panel
For additional details, see my Curriculum Vitae

Biographical Statement

Born in Montréal, Québec, Canada, Howard Browman completed a Bachelor of Science degree (major in Marine Biology), and a Masters degree in Biological Oceanography, at McGill University. He obtained a Ph.D. in Limnology from the University of Kansas. He went on to postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Montréal, University of Victoria and Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (in Québec) before accepting a position as Principal Research Scientist with the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway (in 1998).
Dr. Browman’s professional service and experience includes: Director, Eco-ethics International Union, Germany, Member of the Board of Directors, Eco-ethics International Union-USA, Scientific Director and Vice President, Inter-Research Science Center, Member of the Publications Committee of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Member of the European Commission’s Workshop on the Future of Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, Co-Founder and Associate Editor-in-Chief, Aquatic Biology, Editor-in-Chief, Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, Associate Editor-in-Chief, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Subject Editor, Marine and Coastal Fisheries, Science Editor, Fisheries, Section Editor, PLoS ONE, Staff Member, International Ecology Institute, President (elected), Early Life History Section of the American Fisheries Society, Vice-Chair of the European Food and Safety Authority’s Animal Health and Welfare Panel, Member at Large of the Board of Directors of the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, Member of the Council of Science Editors’ Editorial Policy Commitee, and others (see my CV). He reviews grant proposals for 22 funding agencies in 14 countries (including NSF and NOAA) and manuscripts for 66 journals. He is a long-standing member of the American Fisheries Society, Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, the Council of Science Editors and the Committee on Publication Ethics.
Dr. Browman’s interests cover a broad range of subject areas, including zooplankton and ichthyoplankton behaviour and ecology; sensory ecology; host-finding in fish parasites; effects of solar ultraviolet radiation, ocean acidification and temperature change on aquatic organisms and ecosystems; ecosystem-based management; critically evaluating how scholarly performance is measured; characterizing the bureaucratisation of scholarly institutions and its impacts; issues in scientific publishing (e.g. editor and author ethics, peer review, open access…).
Dr. Browman has published >175 articles, books, edited volumes and reports and has delivered a similar number of presentations at conferences, symposia and workshops, and 78 invited lectures or departmental seminars. He has developed and taught 15 courses at 4 Universities and trained/mentored 5 postdoctoral associates and 11 graduate students. His current research includes effects of ocean acidification and warming on marine organisms and ecosystems, geomagnetic orientation in the long-distance migrations of European eel and other fishes, effects of seismic survey air-gun blasts on Calanus spp., and disruption of host-finding in the parasitic salmon louse.

Research Interests

The breadth of my research interests follows from that of my training as a biological oceanographer, limnologist, and sensory ecologist. My research has centred on the early life history of fishes, zooplankton ecology and on ichthyoplankton-zooplankton interactions and currently encompasses the following areas.

– Zooplankton and ichthyoplankton behaviour and ecology
– Sensory ecology 
– Effects of solar ultraviolet radiation and ocean acidification on aquatic organisms and ecosystems
– Host-finding in fish parasites
– Marine policy (mainly ecosystem-based management and marine protected areas)
– Critically evaluating how scholarly performance is measured
– Bureaucratisation of scholarly institutions
– Issues in scientific publishing (e.g. best practices, editorial and author ethics, peer review, open access…)

Current Projects

2016-2020: Fine-scale interactions in the plankton
2017-2019: Effects fo anti-salmon lice chemotherapeutants on non-target organisms near sea cages
2011-2017: Effect of ocean acidification on Calanus spp. and other copepods
2015-2018: In situ swimming and orientation ability of larval fishes and invertebrates

Publications

1986
BROWMAN, H.I. & B.M. Marcotte. 1986. Diurnal feeding activity and prey size selection in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) alevins. Developments in Environmental Biology of Fishes 7: 269-284.
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Marcotte, B.M. & H.I. BROWMAN. 1986. Foraging behaviour in fishes: perspectives on variance. Environmental Biology of Fishes 16: 25-33.
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1987
BROWMAN, H.I. & B.M. Marcotte. 1987. Effects of prey color and background color on feeding by Atlantic salmon alevins. Progressive Fish-Culturist 49: 140-143.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & B.M. Marcotte. 1987. The effect of zooplankton abundance on feeding behaviour and prey size selection in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) alevins. Holarctic Ecology 10: 163-170.
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Reiswig, H.M. & H.I. BROWMAN. 1987. The use of membrane filters for microscope preparations of sponge spicules. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 106: 10-20.
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1989
BROWMAN, H.I. 1989. The embryology, ethology and ecology of ontogenetic critical periods in fishes. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 34: 5-12.
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BROWMAN, H.I., S. Kruse & W.J. O’Brien. 1989. Foraging behavior of the predaceous cladoceran, Leptodora kindti, and escape responses of their prey. Journal of Plankton Research 11: 1075-1088.
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O’Brien, W.J., B.I. Evans & H.I. BROWMAN. 1989. Flexible search tactics and efficient foraging in saltatory searching animals. Oecologia 80: 100-110.
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1990
BROWMAN, H.I., W.C. Gordon, B.I. Evans & W.J. O’Brien. 1990. Correlation between histological and behavioral measures of visual acuity in a zooplanktivorous fish, the white crappie (Pomoxis annularis). Brain, Behavior and Evolution 35: 85-97.
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O’Brien, W.J., H.I. BROWMAN & B.I. Evans. 1990. Search strategies of foraging animals. American Scientist 78: 152-160.
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1992
BROWMAN, H.I. & W.J. O’Brien. 1992. Foraging and search behaviour of golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas) larvae. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49: 813-819.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & W.J. O’Brien. 1992. The ontogeny of search behaviour in the white crappie, Pomoxis annularis. Environmental Biology of Fishes 34: 181-195.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & C.W. Hawryshyn. 1992. Thyroxine induces a precocial loss of ultraviolet photosensitivity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Vision Research 32: 2303-2312.
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1993
Beaudet, L., H.I. BROWMAN & C.W. Hawryshyn. 1993. Optic nerve response and retinal structure in rainbow trout of different sizes. Vision Research 33: 1739-1746.
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1994
BROWMAN, H.I., I. Novales-Flamarique & C.W. Hawryshyn. 1994. Ultraviolet photoreception contributes to prey search behaviour in two species of zooplanktivorous fishes. Journal of Experimental Biology 186: 187-198.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & C.W. Hawryshyn. 1994. Retinoic acid modulates retinal development in the juveniles of a teleost fish. Journal of Experimental Biology 193: 191-207.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & C.W. Hawryshyn. 1994. The developmental trajectory of ultraviolet photosensitivity in rainbow trout is altered by thyroxine. Vision Research 34: 1397-1406.
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1995
BROWMAN, H.I. (Ed.). 1995. Commentaries on current research trends in recruitment studies. Marine Ecology Progress Series 128: 305-310.
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1996
BROWMAN, H.I. (Ed.). 1996. Predator-prey interactions in the sea: commentaries on the role of turbulence. Marine Ecology Progress Series 139: 301-312.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & A.B. Skiftesvik. 1996. The effects of turbulence on the predation cycle of fish larvae: comments on some of the issues. Marine Ecology Progress Series 139: 309-312.
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1998
Dutil, J.-D., M. Castonguay, M.O. Hammill, P. Ouellet, Y. Lambert, D. Chabot, H. BROWMAN, D. Gilbert, A. Fréchet. J.-A. Gagné, D. Gascon & L. Savard. 1998. Environmental influences on the productivity of cod stocks: some evidence for the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, and required changes in management practices. Department of Fisheries and Oceans (Canada). Atlantic Fisheries Research Document 98/18: 42p.
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1999
BROWMAN, H.I. (Ed.). 1999. The uncertain position, status and impact of negative results in marine ecology: philosophical and practical considerations. Marine Ecology Progress Series 191: 301-309.
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Kuhn, P., H.I. BROWMAN, B. McArthur & J.-F. St-Pierre. 1999. Penetration of ultraviolet radiation in the waters of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Limnology and Oceanography 44: 710-716.
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Kouwenberg, J.H.M., H.I. BROWMAN, J.J. Cullen, R.F. Davis, J.-F. St-Pierre & J.A. Runge. 1999. Biological weighting of ultraviolet (280-400 nm) induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. I. Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) eggs. Marine Biology 134: 269-284.
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Kouwenberg, J.H.M., H.I. BROWMAN, J.A. Runge, J.J. Cullen, R.F. Davis, J.-F. St-Pierre. 1999. Biological weighting of ultraviolet (280-400 nm) induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. II. Calanus finmarchicus eggs. Marine Biology 134: 285-293.
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Béland, F., H.I. BROWMAN, C. Alonso Rodriguez & J.-F. St-Pierre. 1999. The effect of solar ultraviolet radiation (280 – 400 nm) on the eggs and larvae of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 1058-1067.
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2000
Alonso Rodriguez, C., H.I. BROWMAN, J.A. Runge & J.-F. St-Pierre. 2000. Impact of solar ultraviolet radiation on hatching of a marine copepod, Calanus finmarchicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 193: 85-93.
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Alonso Rodriguez, C. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2000. High survival of neustonic zoea I larvae of American lobster (Homarus americanus) following short-term exposure to ultraviolet radiation (280 to 400 nm). Marine Ecology Progress Series 193: 305-309.
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Novales Flamarique, I., H.I. BROWMAN, M. Bélanger & K. Boxaspen. 2000. Ontogenetic changes in visual responses of the parasitic salmon louse, Lepeoptheirus salmonis. Journal of Experimental Biology 203: 1649-1657.
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BROWMAN, H.I., C. Alonso Rodriguez, F. Béland, J.J. Cullen, R.F. Davis, J.H.M. Kouwenberg, P. Kuhn, B. McArthur, J.A. Runge, J.-F. St-Pierre, & R.D. Vetter. 2000. The impact of ultraviolet radiation on marine crustacean zooplankton and ichthyoplankton: a synthesis of results from the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. Marine Ecology Progress Series 199: 293-311.
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Kuhn, P., H.I. BROWMAN, R.F. Davis, J.J. Cullen & B. McArthur. 2000. Modelling the effects of ultraviolet radiation on early life history stages of Calanus finmarchicus and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in a mixing environment. Limnology and Oceanography 45: 1797-1806.
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Novales Flamarique, I. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2000. Wavelength-dependent polarization orientation in Daphnia.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A 186: 1073-1087.
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BROWMAN, H.I. (Ed.). 2000. ‘Evolution’ of fisheries science. Marine Ecology Progress Series 208: 299-313.
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BROWMAN, H.I. 2000. Application of evolutionary theory to fishery science and stock assessment-management. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 208: 299.
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2001
Novales Flamarique, I. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2001. Foraging and prey-search behaviour of small juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) under polarized light. Journal of Experimental Biology 204: 2415-2422.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & R.D. Vetter. 2001. The Impact of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation on Crustacean Zooplankton and Ichthyoplankton: Case Studies from Sub-Arctic Marine Ecosystems. In: Hessen, D.O. (Ed.). UV-Radiation and Arctic Ecosystems. Ecological Studies, Vol. 153: 261-304. Springer-Verlag.
Read the book chapter

2003
BROWMAN, H.I. 2003. Assessing the impacts of solar ultraviolet radiation on the early life stages of crustacean zooplankton and ichthyoplankton in marine coastal systems. Estuaries 26: 30-39.
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BROWMAN, H.I., J.-F. St.-Pierre & P. Kuhn. 2003. Dose and dose rate dependency in the mortality response of Calanus finmarchicus  embryos exposed to simulated solar ultraviolet radiation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 247: 297-302.
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BROWMAN, H.I., R.D. Vetter, C. Alonso Rodriguez, J.J. Cullen, R.F. Davis, E. Lynn & J.-F. St-Pierre. 2003. UV (280-400 nm) induced DNA damage in eggs and larvae of Calanus finmarchicus Gunnerus (Copepoda) and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Photochemistry and Photobiology 77: 397-404.
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Kjeldstad, B., O. Frette, S.R. Erga, H.I. BROWMAN, P. Kuhn, R. Davis, W. Miller & J. Stamnes. 2003. UV (280-400 nm) optical properties in a Norwegian fjord system and an intercomparison of underwater radiometers. Marine Ecology Progress Series 256: 1-11.
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BROWMAN, H.I., J.-F. St-Pierre, A.B. Skiftesvik & R.G. Racca. 2003. Behaviour of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae: an attempt to link maternal condition with larval quality. pp: 71-95, In: H.I. Browman and A.B. Skiftesvik (Editors). The Big Fish Bang. Proceedings of the 26th Annual Larval Fish Conference.
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Browman, H.I. & A.B. SKIFTESVIK (Editors). 2003. The Big Fish Bang. Proceedings of the 26th Annual Larval Fish Conference.
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Skiftesvik, A.B., H.I. BROWMAN & J.-F. St-Pierre. 2003. Life in green water: the effect of microalgae on the behaviour of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae, pp: 97-103, In: H.I. Browman and A.B. Skiftesvik (Editors). The Big Fish Bang. Proceedings of the 26th Annual Larval Fish Conference.
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2004
Evans, B.I. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2004. Variation in the development of the fish retina. pp: 145-166, In, Govoni, J.J. (Ed.). Development of Form and Function in Fishes, and the Question of Larval Adaptation. American Fisheries Society Symposium # 40.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & D.S. Kirby. (Eds). 2004. Quality in science publishing. Marine Ecology Progress Series 270: 265-287.
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BROWMAN, H.I. 2004. The rules of the game in science publishing. Marine Ecology Progress Series 270: 265-268.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & K.I. Stergiou (Eds.). 2004. Perspectives on ecosystem-based approaches to the management of marine resources. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 274: 269-303.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & K.I. Stergiou. 2004. Marine protected areas as a central element of ecosystem-based management: defining their location, size and number. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 274: 271-272.
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Galbraith, P., H.I. BROWMAN, R.G. Racca, A.B. Skiftesvik & J.-F. St-Pierre. 2004. The effect of turbulence on the energetics of foraging in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 281: 241-257.
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Yacoob, S.Y., H.I. BROWMAN and P. Jensen. 2004. Electroencephalogram recordings from the olfactory bulb of juvenile (0 year) Atlantic cod in response to amino acids. Journal of Fish Biology 65: 1657-1664.
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BROWMAN, HI., K. Boxaspen & P. Kuhn. 2004. The effect of light on the settlement of the parasitic salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) onto Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Journal of Fish Diseases 27: 701-708.
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2005
Weissburg, M. & H.I. BROWMAN (Eds.). 2005. Sensory biology: linking the internal and external ecologies of marine organisms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 287: 263-307.
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BROWMAN, H.I. 2005. Applications of sensory biology in marine science and aquaculture. Marine Ecology Progress Series 287: 266-269.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & K.I. Stergiou (Eds.). 2005. Politics and socio-economics of ecosystem-based management of marine resources. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 300: 241-296.
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Stergiou, K.I. & H.I. BROWMAN (Eds.). 2005. Bridging the gap between aquatic and terrestrial ecology. Marine Ecology Progress Series 304: 271-307.
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Stergiou, K.I. and H.I. BROWMAN. 2005. Imbalances in the reporting and teaching of ecology from limnetic, oceanic and terrestrial eco-domains. Marine Ecology Progress Series 304: 292-297.
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2006
BROWMAN, H.I., A.B. Skiftesvik & P. Kuhn. 2006. The relationship between ultraviolet and polarized light and growth rate in the early larval stages of turbot (Scophtalmus maximus), Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) reared in intensive culture conditions. Aquaculture 256: 296-301.
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Costello, M., Vanden Berghe, E. & H.I. BROWMAN (Eds.). 2006. Ocean biodiversity informatics. Theme Section in Marine Ecology Progress Series. 316: 201-310.
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2007
Yacoob, S.Y. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2007. Olfactory and gustatory sensitivity to some feed-related chemicals in the Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). Aquaculture 263: 303-309.
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Yacoob, S.Y. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2007. Prey extracts evoke swimming behavior in the juvenile Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus. Aquaculture 270: 570-573.
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Johnson, S. & H.I. BROWMAN (Eds.). 2007. Genomics, proteomics and metabolomics in marine ecology. Marine Ecology Progress Series 332: 247-310.
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Marshall, C.T. & H.I. BROWMAN. (Eds.). 2007. Disentangling the causes of maturation trends in exploited fish populations. Marine Ecology Progress Series 335: 249-310.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & A.B. Skiftesvik (Eds.). 2007. Welfare of aquatic organisms. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 75(2).
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BROWMAN, H.I. & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2007. Moral, ethical and scientific aspects of welfare in aquatic organisms. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 75: 85.
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Gallego, A, E.W. North, P. Petitgas & H.I. BROWMAN (Eds.). 2007. Advances in modelling physical-biological interactions in fish early life history. Marine Ecology Progress Series 347: 121-306.
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Skajaa, K. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2007. The escape response of food-deprived cod larvae (Gadus morhua L.) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 353: 135-144.
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King, N.J., D.M. Bailey, I.G. Priede & H.I. BROWMAN (Eds.). 2007. The role of scavengers in marine ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 350: 175-298.
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Fields, D.M., M.J. Weissburg & H.I. BROWMAN. 2007. Chemoreception in the salmon louse (Lepeoptheirus salmonis: an electrophysiological approach. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 78: 161-168.
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BROWMAN, H.I., B.M. Marcotte & P.S. Kuhn (Eds.). 2007. Ethics of climate change essay contest. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics. 2007 Vol. 7: 13-49.
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Sydeman, W.J., J.J. Piatt & H.I. BROWMAN (Eds.). 2007. Seabirds as indicators of marine ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 352: 199-309.
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2008
BROWMAN, H.I., R. Law & C.T. Marshall. 2008. The role of fisheries-induced evolution. Science 320: 47-50.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & K.I. Stergiou. 2008. Factors and indices are one thing, deciding who is scholarly, why they are scholarly, and the relative value of their scholarship is something else entirely. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 8(1): 1-3.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & K.I. Stergiou (Eds.). 2008. The use and misuse of bibliometric indices in evaluating scholarly performance. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics. Vol. 8 (1): 1-107.
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BROWMAN, H.I. (Ed.) 2008. Fisheries management and climate change in the northeast Atlantic ocean and the Baltic Sea. TemaNord 2008: 595, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen.
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Jokinen E.I., E.S. Markkula, H.M. Salo, P. Kuhn, S. Nikoskelainen, M.T. Arts & H.I. BROWMAN. 2008. Exposure to increased levels of ultraviolet-B radiation has negative effects on growth, condition and immune function in juvenile Atlantic salmon. Photochemistry and Photobiology. 84: 1265-1271.
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2009
Irisson, J-O, J.M. Leis, C. Paris & H.I. BROWMAN. 2009. Behaviour and settlement, pp: 42-59, In: North, E.W., A. Gallego, and P. Petitgas (eds.). Manual of recommended practices for modelling physical-biological interactions during fish early life. ICES Cooperative Research Report No. 295.
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Helvik, J.V. et al. 2009. The fish larva: a transitional life form, the foundation for aquaculture and fisheries. Report from a working group on research on early life stages of fish. The Research Council of Norway.
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2010
Abrahamsen, M.B., H.I. BROWMAN, D.M. Fields & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2010. The three-dimensional prey field of the northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, and the escape responses of their copepod prey. Marine Biology 157: 1251-1258.
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Arts, M.T, H.I. BROWMAN, I.E. Jokinen & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2010. Effects of UV radiation and diet on polyunsaturated fatty acids in the skin, ocular tissue and dorsal muscle of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) held in outdoor rearing tanks. Photochemistry and Photobiology. 86: 909-191.
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2011
Jokinen, E.I., H.M. Salo, E.S. Markkula, K. Rikalainen, M.T. Arts & H.I. BROWMAN. 2011. Additive effects of enhanced ambient ultraviolet B radiation and increased temperature on immune function, growth and physiological condition of juvenile (parr) Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar. Fish and Shellfish Immunology. 30: 102-108.
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Cloutier, R., J. Lambrey de Souza, H.I. BROWMAN & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2011. Early ontogeny of the Atlantic halibut head (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). Journal of Fish Biology 78: 1035-1053.
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Vollset, K.W., A. Folkvord & H.I. BROWMAN. 2011. Feeding behaviour of larval cod (Gadus morhua) at low light intensities. Marine Biology 158: 1125-1133.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2011. Welfare in aquatic organisms – is there some faith-based HARKing going on here? Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 94: 255-257.
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BROWMAN, H.I., J. Yen, D.M. Fields, J.-F. St-Pierre & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2011. Fine-scale observations of the predatory behaviour of the carnivorous copepod Paraeuchaeta norvegica and the escape responses of their ichthyoplankton prey, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Marine Biology 158: 2653-2660.
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Fields,D.M., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland, S.D. Shema, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. 2011. Grazing rates of Calanus finmarchicus on Thalassiosira weissflogii cultured under different levels of ultraviolet radiation. PLoS ONE 6(19) e26333.
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2012
Fukunishi, Y., H.I. BROWMAN, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2012. The effect of UV radiation on the susceptibility of Atlantic cod larvae to predation. PLoS ONE 7(4) e35554.
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Fields, D.M., S.D. Shema, T.Q. Browne, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. 2012. Light primes the escape response of the Calanoid copepod, Calanus finmarchicus. PLoS ONE 7(6): e39594. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039594.
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Kruse, G.H., H.I. BROWMAN, K.L. Cochrane, D. Evans, G.S. Jamieson, P.A. Livingston, D. Woodby, and C.I. Zhang (Eds.) 2012. Global progress in ecosystem-based fisheries management. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks. 396 p., doi:10.4027/gpebfm.2012.019. Order a copy of the book HERE.
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Kruse, G.H., H.I. BROWMAN, K.L. Cochrane, D. Evans, W.J. Fletcher, G.S. Jamieson, P.A. Livingston, D. Woodby, and C.I. Zhang. 2012. Steps for future progress in ecosystem-based fisheries management: what’s next? pp: 375-380, In, Kruse, G.H. et al. (Eds.) 2012. Global progress in ecosystem-based fisheries management. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks. 396 p., doi:10.4027/gpebfm.2012.019.
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Arts, M.T., M.E. Palmer, A.B. Skiftesvik, I.E. Jokinen & H.I. BROWMAN. 2012. Effect of temperature and ultraviolet-B radiation on fatty acids of four tissues of juvenile (parr) Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar). Lipids 47:1181-1192.
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2013
Durif, C.M.F., H.I. BROWMAN, A.B. Skiftesvik, L.A. Vøllestad, H.H. Stockhausen & J.B. Phillips. 2013. Magnetic compass orientation in the European eel. PLoS ONE 8(3)e59212.
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Maneja, R.H., A.Y. Frommel, H.I. BROWMAN, C. Clemmesen, A.J. Geffen, A. Folkvord, U. Piatkowski, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2013. The swimming kinematics of larval Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, are resilient to elevated seawater pCO2. Marine Biology 160: 1963-1972.
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Fukunishi, Y., H.I. BROWMAN, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland, S.D. Shema, D.M. Fields, A.B. Skiftesvik. 2013. Sub-lethal exposure to ultraviolet radiation reduces prey consumption by Atlantic cod larvae (Gadus morhua). Marine Biology 160: 2591-2596.
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Skiftesvik, A.B., R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, I.S. Johansen and H.I. BROWMAN. 2013. Delousing of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) by cultured vs. wild ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta). Aquaculture 402-403: 113-118.
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Runge, J.A., C.Thompson, R.M. Bjelland, H.I. BROWMAN, C.M.F. Durif, D.M. Fields, S. Shema & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2013. Effects of ocean acidification on growth and development of the planktonic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus. Poster presented at the U.S. National Science Foundation’s 2nd U.S. Ocean Acidification Principal Investigator’s Meeting. Washington, D.C., USA, 18-20 September 2013.
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BROWMAN, H.I., S. Dupont, J. Havenhand & L. Robbins. 2013. Biological responses to ocean acidification. Pp: 37-54, In: Bellerby, R.G., H.I. BROWMAN, R. Sumaila et al. 2013. Impacts of ocean acidification in the Arctic ocean. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program, Arctic Ocean Acidification Assessment, Oslo.
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2014
Skiftesvik, A.B., Blom, G., Agnalt, A.-L., Durif, C., BROWMAN, H.I., Bjelland, R.M., Harkestad, L,S., Farestveit, E., Paulsen , O.I., Fauske, M., Havelin, T., Johnsen, K., Mortensen, S. 2014. Wrasse (Labridae) as cleaner fish in salmonid aquaculture – The Hardanger fjord as a case study. Marine Biology Research 10: 289-300.
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Plourde, S. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2014. Parameterizing and operationalizing zooplankton production and trophic interaction models. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 232-234.
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Thor, P. H.I. BROWMAN & C. Halsband. 2014. Ocean acidification – CO2 effects in northern waters. Fram Forum 2014: 41-43.
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BROWMAN, H.I. & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2014. The early life history of fish – we still have a lot of work to do! ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 907-908.
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BROWMAN, H.I. (Ed.). 2014. Proceedings of the 2012 Larval Fish Conference. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 907-1029.
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Link, J.S. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2014. Integrating what? Levels of marine ecosystem-based assessment and management. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 1170-1173.
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Maneja, R.H., R. Dineshram, V. Thiyagarajan, A.B. Skiftesvik, A.Y. Frommel, C. Clemmesen, A.J. Geffen and H.I. BROWMAN. 2014. The proteome of Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus L.) larvae is resistant to elevated pCO2. Marine Pollution Bulletin 86: 154-160.
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BROWMAN, H.I. 2014. Commemorating 100 years since Hjort’s 1914 treatise on fluctuations in the great fisheries of northern Europe: where we have been, where we are, and where we are going. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 1989-1992.
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BROWMAN, H.I. (Editor). 2014. Fluctuations in the great fisheries of northern Europe – Commemorating 100 years since Hjort’s 1914 treatise. A special issue of the ICES Journal of Marine Science 71(8).
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Aksnes, D.W. and H.I. BROWMAN. 2014. Johan Hjort’s impact on fisheries science – a bibliometric analysis. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 2012-2016.
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Rice, J. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2014. Where has all of the recruitment research gone, long time passing? ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 2293-2299. 
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Godø, O.R., N.O. Handegard, H.I. BROWMAN, G. Macaulay, S. Kaartvedt, J. Giske, E. Ona, G. Huse & E. Johnsen. 2014. Marine ecosystem acoustics (MEA) – quantifying processes in the sea at the spatiotemporal scales on which they occur. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 2357-2369.
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2015
Fields, D.M., J.A. Runge, C. Thompson, S.D. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. 2015. Infection of the planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus by the parasitic dinoflagellate, Blastodinium spp.: effects on grazing, respiration, fecundity, and fecal pellet production. Journal of Plankton Research 37: 211-220.
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Skiftesvik, A.B., Durif, C.M.F. Bjelland R.M. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2015. Distribution and habitat preferences of five species of wrasse (family Labridae) in a Norwegian fjord. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72: 890-899.
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Gibbs, M. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2015. Risk assessment and risk management: a primer for marine scientists. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72:  992-996.
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Maneja, R.H., A.Y. Frommel, H.I. BROWMAN, A.J. Geffen, A. Folkvord, U. Piatkowski, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & C. Clemmesen. 2015. The swimming kinematics and foraging behavior of larval Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus L., are resilient to elevated pCO2. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 466: 42-48.
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Sathyendranath, S., R. Ji & H.I. BROWMAN. 2015. Revisiting Sverdrup’s critical depth hypothesis. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72: 1892-1896.
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Durif, C.M.F., D.M. Fields, H.I. BROWMAN, S.D. Shema, J.R. Enoae, A.B. Skiftesvik, R.M. Bjelland, R. Sommaruga and M.T. Arts. 2015. UV radiation changes algal stoichiometry but does not have cascading effects on a marine food chain. Journal of Plankton Research 37: 1120-1136. (Featured article).
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2016
Zarubin, M., Y. Lindemann, O. Brunner, D.M. Fields, H.I. BROWMAN and A. Genin. 2016. The effect of hydrostatic pressure on grazing in three calanoid copepods. Journal of Plankton Research 38:131-138.
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BROWMAN, H.I. 2016. Applying organized scepticism to ocean acidification research. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 529-536.
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BROWMAN, H.I. (Ed.). 2016. Towards a more balanced approach to ocean acidification research. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73(3).
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Runge, J.A., D.M. Fields, C. Thompson, S. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. 2016. End of the century CO2 concentrations do not have a negative effect on vital rates of Calanus finmarchicus, an ecologically critical planktonic species in North Atlantic ecosystems. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 937-950.
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Aksnes, D.W. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2016. An overview of global research effort in fisheries science. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 1004-1011.
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Stevens, E.D., R. Arlinghaus, H.I. BROWMAN, S.J. Cooke, I.G. Cowx, B.K. Diggles, B. Key, J.D. Rose, W. Sawynok, A. Schwab, A.B. Skiftesvik, C.A. Watson & C.D.L. Wynne. 2016. Stress is not pain. Biology Letters 12: 20151006 – A comment on Elwood, R.W. & L. Adams  2015. Electric shock causes physiological stress responses in shore crabs, consistent with prediction of pain. Biology Letters 11: 20150800. (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0800).
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Key, B.R., Arlinghaus & H.I. BROWMAN. 2016. Insects cannot tell us anything about subjective experience or the origin of consciousness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA. 113: E3813.
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Hidalgo, M, D.H. Secor & H.I. Browman (Eds). 2016. Seascape Ecology. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73(7).
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Hidalgo, M, D. Secor & H.I. Browman. 2016. Seascape ecology: linking synoptic oceanography, ecological processes, and geospatial modeling. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 1825-1830.
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Lerner, A. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2016. The copepod Calanus spp. (Calanidae) is repelled by polarized light. Scientific Reports 6: 35891, doi:10.1038/srep35891.
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Loew, E.R., A.B. Skiftesvik, R. Bjelland, H.I. BROWMAN & C. Durif. 2016. Spectral sensitivity and contrast potentials for four species of cleaner fish. Institute of Marine Research Report No. 39-2016. 12 pp.
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2017
Lerner, A., R. Shmulevitz, H.I. BROWMAN & N. Shashar. 2017. Visual sensitivity and spatial resolution of the planktivorous fish, Atherinomorus forskalii (Atherinidae; Rüppell, 1838), to a polarized grating. Vision Research 131: 37-43.
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BROWMAN, H.I. 2017. Quo vadimus-redux. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74: 1-2.
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Link, J.S. & H.I. BROWMAN. 2017. Operationalizing ecosystem-based management. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74: 379-381. 
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Key, B. R. Arlinghaus, H.I. BROWMAN, S.J. Cooke, I.G. Cowx, B.K. Diggles, J.D. Rose, W. Sawynok, A. Schwab, A.B. Skiftesvik, E.D. Stevens & C.A. Watson. 2017. Problems with equating thermal preference with “emotional fever” and sentience. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284: 20160681.
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BROWMAN, H.I. 2017. Towards a broader perspective on ocean acidification research. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74: 889-894.
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Bailey, A., P. Thor, H.I. BROWMAN, D.M. Fields, J.A. Runge, A. Vermont, R. Bjelland, C. Thompson, S. Shema, C.M.F. Durif & H. Hop. 2017. The early life stages of the Arctic copepod Calanus glacialis are unaffected by increased seawater pCO2. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74: 996-1004.
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Bailey, A., P. de Wit, P. Thor, H.I. BROWMAN, R.M. Bjelland, S. Shema, D.M. Fields, J.A. Runge, C. Thompson & H. Hop. 2017. Regulation of gene expression underpins tolerance of the Arctic copepod Calanus glacialis to increased pCO2. Ecology and Evolution (in press).

Cresci, A, C.B. Paris, C.M.F. Durif, S. Shema, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. 2017. Glass eels (Anguilla anguilla) have a magnetic compass linked to the tidal cycle. Science Advances 09 Jun 2017: Vol. 3, no. 6, e1602007, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602007.
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Pechenik, J.A., C. Diederich, H.I. BROWMAN & A. Jelmert. 2017. Fecundity of the invasive marine gastropod Crepidula fornicata at the northern extreme of its range. Invertebrate Biology (in press).

Hidalgo, M., C.B. Paris, J. Watson, D.M. Kaplan & H.I. BROWMAN. 2017. Beyond ocean connectivity. ICES Journal of Marine Science (in press).

Diggles, B.K., R. Arlinghaus, H.I. BROWMAN, S.J. Cooke, I.G. Cowx, A.O. Kasumayan, B. Key, J.D. Rose, W. Sawynok, A. Schwab, A.B. Skiftesvik, E.D. Stevens, C.A. Watson & C.D.L. Wynne. 2017. Zebrafish larval responses to low pH immersion assay generate multiple intepretations, questions and problems. Comment on Lopez-Luna, J., Q. Al-Jubouri, W. Al-Nuaimy, & L.U. Sneddon. Reduction in activity by noxious chemical stimulation is ameliorated by immersion in analgesic drugs in zebrafish. Journal of Experimental Biology (in press).

Durif, C.M.F, S. Bonhommeau, C. Briand, H.I. BROWMAN, M. Castonguay, F. Daverat, W. Dekker, E. Diaz, R. Hanel, M. Miller, A. Moore, C.B. Paris, A.B. Skiftesvik, H. Westerberg & H. Wickström. 2017. Whether European eel leptocephali have a magnetic compass that guides their migration remains an open question – Comment on “A Magnetic Map Leads Juvenile European Eels to the Gulf Stream”, by Naisbett-Jones et al. (2017). Current Biology (in press).

Submitted manuscripts

Escobar, R.H., D.M. Fields, H.I. BROWMAN, S.D. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & C.M.F. Durif. The effects of an anti-sea lice chemotherapeutant, hydrogen peroxide, on mortality, escape response and oxygen consumption of Calanus spp. Environmental Science and Technology.

Fields, D.M., A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. Behavioural responses of infective stage copepodids of the salmon louse (Lepeoptheirus salmonis) to host related sensory cues. Journal of Fish Diseases.

Manuscripts in preparation

Bjelland, R.M., Opstad, O., Skiftesvik, A.B. & H.I. BROWMAN. Comparison of behaviour, growth and gut enzyme activity in the early life stages of cod (Gadus morhua L.) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.).

Bjelland, R.M., Skiftesvik, A.B. & H.I. BROWMAN. Behavioural responses of larval cod (Gadus morhua L.) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.) to odours.

BROWMAN, H.I. & A.B. Skiftesvik. The internal and external ecologies of critical periods.

BROWMAN, H.I., R.C. Chambers, A.B. Skiftesvik & C.M.F. Durif. Search strategy and foraging behaviour in young-of-the-year Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.).

BROWMAN, H.I. & A.B. Skiftesvik. Foraging and prey search patterns in fish larvae.

BROWMAN, H.I., J. Forsell, E.R. Loew, P. Ekstrom & B. Holmqvist. Spatiotemporal differentiation of ultraviolet opsin expressing cells in the developing retina of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Cresci, A, C.B. Paris, C.M.F. Durif, S. Shema, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. The magnetic compass of glass eel (Anguilla anguilla) is entrained to and modulated by the tidal cycle.

Cresci, A, C.B. Paris, C.M.F. Durif, S. Shema, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik, A.-L. Agnalt & H.I. BROWMAN. Magnetic orientation in juvenile European lobster, Homarus gammarus.

Cresci, A, C.B. Paris, C.M.F. Durif, S. Shema, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. Magnetic orientation in juvenile lumpfish, Cyclopterus lumpus.

Dineshram, R., V. Thiyagarajan, D.M. Fields, J.A. Runge, C. Thompson, S. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. The proteome of Calanus finmarchicus is unaffected by elevated pCO2.

Durif, C.M.F., A.B. Skiftesvik, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. BROWMAN. Population estimates for several species of wrasse in Norway using mark-recapture techniques.

Durif, C.M.F., A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. BROWMAN. Marine vs. freshwater residency of European eels during the ongrowing life history stages.

Fields, D.M., H.I. BROWMAN, A.B. Skiftesvik & S. Shema. Effect of ocean acidification on the grazing rates of Calanus spp. feeding on lithed and delithed coccolithophores.

Fields, D.M., H.I. BROWMAN, A.B. Skiftesvik & S. Shema. Temperature effects on metabolic rate of Calanus spp.

Fields, D.M., H.I. BROWMAN & B. Twining. Copepods as 10^21 ocean bioreactors.

Mount, A., V. Chan, J.A: Runge, D.M. Fields, C. Thompson, S. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. Browman. The structural integrity of the exoskeleton of an ecologically critical planktonic species in North Atlantic ecosystems, Calanus finmarchicus, is unaffected by high CO2.or temperature.

Núñez-Acuña, G., D.M. Fields, S. Shema, H.I. BROWMAN, A.B. Skiftesvik & C. Gallardo-Escárate. Host recognition mechanisms in the sea lice: genomic and functional approaches to identify novel chemoattractants derived from salmon skin.

Opstad, I., D.M. Fields, H.I. BROWMAN, A.B. Skiftesvik, & S. Shema. Effect of seismic air gun shooting on Calanus finmarchicus.

Paris, C.B., H.I. BROWMAN, A.B. Skiftesvik, S. Shema, M. Foretich, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif & C.J. O’Brien. Ontogeny of orientation in Atlantic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) larvae measured in situ.

Paris, C.B., H.I. BROWMAN, A.B. Skiftesvik, S. Shema, M. Foretich, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif & C.J. O’Brien & S. Meier. Effect of petrochemicals on swimming and orientation of Atlantic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) larvae measured in situ.

Rice, J. & H.I. BROWMAN. What Humpty Dumpty means when he says, “ecosystem approach”.

Runge, J.A., D.M. Fields, C. Thompson, S. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik, M. Arts, A. Mount, V. Chan & H.I. Browman. Vital rates of an ecologically critical planktonic species in North Atlantic ecosystems, Calanus finmarchicus, are unaffected by high CO2 but are affected by temperature.

Runge, J.A., D.M. Fields, C. Thompson, S. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik, M. Arts, A. Mount, V. Chan & H.I. Browman. Vital rates of the salmon louse, Lepeotheirus salmonis, are unaffected by high CO2 but are affected by temperature.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. BROWMAN. Population dynamics of several species of wrasse in Norway.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. BROWMAN. Species distribution and habitat of wrasse along the Norwegian coast.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. BROWMAN. Effect of fishing pressure on age, growth and species composition of wrasse along the Norwegian coast, 1990-present day.

Last updated: June 13, 2017