Caroline M.F. Durif

Senior Research Scientist

Institute of Marine Research
Marine Ecosystem Acoustics Group
Austevoll Research Station
5392 Storebø, NORWAY
Tel. +47 97 62 72 69
Email: caroline.durif@imr.no



See Caroline’s Google Scholar Author Profile
See Caroline’s profile on ResearchGate
See Caroline’s profile on LinkedIN

For additional details, see my CV

Education

PhD (2003) in Aquatic Ecology (honors), University of Toulouse (France)
MSc (1998) in Biological Oceanography, Paris VI University
BSc (1996) in Ecology, Paris VI University

Areas of expertise and interest

I’m interested in fish ecology and more specifically habitat preference and migratory behaviors: freshwater-saltwater transition, migratory triggers, age at maturation, species distribution and habitat.

Most of my research has dealt with the European eel, but I’m currently working with other species such as lumpfish and certain wrasse species (which are currently used as delousing agents in salmon farms). I’m involved in monitoring their wild populations for management purposes.My other research activities relating to more general marine ecology deal with effects of climate changes (increase of solar ultraviolet radiation, ocean acidification) on phyto and zooplankton. These experiments involve growing microalgae under different UV exposure treatments, rearing copepods under different pH treatments.

I enjoy working with large datasets and have a broad interest in exploratory data analyses, time-series analyses, and inferential statistics.

Key words: fish ecology, behavior, migration, diadromy, otolith, magnetic orientation, data analysis, ocean acidification, ultraviolet radiation

Active projects

-Project leader – Lumpfish monitoring program
-Project leader – Eel monitoring program and magnetic orientation of eel
-Monitoring of wrasse population in Norway (Led by A.B. Skiftesvik)
-Effects of ocean acidification on marine organisms and ecosystems (Led by Howard Browman)
-Fine-scale interactions in the plankton – empirical observations in support of trophodynamic models project (Led by H.I. Browman)

Publications

Durif, C., Elie, P., Dufour, S., Marchelidon, J. & Vidal, B. 2000. Analysis of morphological and physiological parameters during the silvering process of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) in the lake of Grand-Lieu (France). Cybium 24 (3): 63-74.
Read the paper

Durif, C. 2003. Thesis abstract: The downstream migration of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla: characterization of migrating silver eels, migration phenomenon, and obstacle avoidance. PhD thesis, University of Toulouse, France 348 p. (Full text available at: http://www.diadfish.org/doc/these_2003/thesedurif_maj_06_2004.pdf)
Read the thesis

Durif, C., Elie, P., Gosset, C., Rives, J. & Travade, F., 2003. Behavioral study of downstream migrating eels by radio-telemetry at a small hydroelectric power plant. In Biology, Management, and Protection of Catadromous Eels, DA Dixon ed. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 33. Bethesda, Maryland. pp. 345-356.
Read the paper

Durif C., Dufour, S. & Elie, P. 2005. The silvering process of the European eel: a new classification from the yellow resident stage to the silver migrating stage. Journal of Fish Biology 66: 1025-1043.
Read the paper

Gosset, C., Travade F., Durif C., Rives, J. & Elie, P. 2005. Tests of two types of bypasses for the downstream migration of eels at a small hydroelectric power plant. River Research and Applications 21:1095-1105.
Read the paper

Durif C., Dufour S. & Elie P. 2006. Impact of silvering stage, body size and condition on reproduction potential of the European eel. Marine Ecology Progress Series 327:171-181.
Read the paper

van Ginneken V., Durif C., Dufour S., Sbaihi M., Boot R., Noorlander K., Doornbos J., Murk T., & van den Thillart G. 2007 Endocrine and metabolic profiles during silvering of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.). Animal Biology 57(1): 453-465.
Read the paper

van Ginneken V., Durif C., Balm S.P., Boot R., Verstegen M.W.A., Antonissen E., van den Thillart G. 2007. Silvering of European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.): seasonal changes of morphological and metabolic parameters. Animal Biology57:63-77.
Read the paper

Durif C.M.F. and Elie P. 2008. Prediction of downstream migration of silver eels in a large river catchment based on commercial fishery data. Fisheries Management and Ecology 15: 127-137.
Read the paper

Durif C.M.F., van Ginneken V., Dufour S., Müller T., Elie P., 2009. Seasonal evolution and individual differences in silvering eels from different locations. In: Van den Thillart G., Dufour S., Rankin J.C. (Eds.) Spawning migration of the European eel: Reproduction index, a useful tool for conservation management, Fish and Fisheries Series 30, Springer, pp 13-38.
Read the paper

Durif C.M.F., Travade F., Rives J., Elie, P., Gosset C. 2008. Relationship between locomotor activity, environmental factors, and timing of the spawning migration in the European eel, Anguilla anguillaAquatic Living Resources. 21: 163-170.
Read the paper

Bruijs M.C.M., Durif C.M.F. 2009. Silver eel migration and behaviour. In: Van den Thillart G, Dufour S, Rankin JC (eds) Spawning migration of the European eel: Reproduction index, a useful tool for conservation management. Fish & Fisheries Series 30, Springer, pp 65-95.
Read the paper

Durif C., Guibert A., Elie P., 2009. Morphological discrimination of the silvering stages of the European eel. In: Casselman JM, Cairns DK (eds) Eels at the edge: science, status, and conservation concerns. American Fisheries Society Symposium 58, Bethesda, Maryland, pp 103-111.
Read the paper

Durif C.M.F., Gjøsæter, J., Vøllestad L.A. 2011. Influence of oceanic factors on the marine subpopulation of Anguilla anguilla (L.) over the twentieth century in coastal habitats of the Skagerrak, Southern Norway. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 278: 464-473.
Read the paper

Fields,D.M., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland, S.D. Shema, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. Browman. 2011. Grazing rates of Calanus finmarchicus on diatoms cultured under different levels of ultraviolet radiation. PLoS ONE 6(10) e26333.
Read the paper

Fukunishi, Y., H.I. Browman, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2012. The effect of UV radiation on the susceptibility of Atlantic cod larvae to predation. PLoS ONE 7(4) e35554.
Read the paper

Durif, C.M.F. 2012. Review of “Eels: an Exploration, from New Zealand to the Sargasso, of the World’s most amazing and mysterious fish” by James Prozek. The Quarterly Review of Biology 87, 169.
Read the paper

Durif, C.M.F., H.I. Browman, A.B. Skiftesvik, L.A. Vøllestad, H.H. Stockhausen & J.B. Phillips. 2013. Magnetic compass orientation in the European eel. PLoS ONE 8(3)e59212.
Read the paper

Maneja, R.H., A.Y. Frommel, H.I. Browman, C. Clemmesen, A.J. Geffen, A. Folkvord, U. Piatkowski, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland & A.B. Skiftesvik. 2013. The swimming kinematics of larval Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, are resilient to elevated seawater pCO2. Marine Biology 160: 1963-1972.
Read the paper

Skiftesvik, A.B., R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, I.S. Johansen and H.I. Browman. 2013. Delousing of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) by cultured vs. wild ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta). Aquaculture 402-403: 113-118.
Read the paper

Fukunishi, Y., H.I. Browman, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland, S.D. Shema, D.M. Fields, A.B. Skiftesvik. 2013. Sub-lethal exposure to ultraviolet radiation reduces prey consumption by Atlantic cod larvae (Gadus morhua). Marine Biology 160: 2591-2596.
Read the paper 

Skiftesvik, A.B., Blom, G., Agnalt, A.-L., Durif, C., Browman, H.I., Bjelland, R.M., Harkestad, L,S., Farestveit, E., Paulsen , O.I., Fauske, M., Havelin, T., Johnsen, K., Mortensen, S. 2014. Wrasse (Labridae) as cleaner fish in salmonid aquaculture – The Hardanger fjord as a case study. Marine Biology Research 10: 289-300.
Read the paper

Eriksen, E., Durif, C.M.F., Prozorkevich, D. 2014. Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) in the Barents Sea: Development of a biomass and abundance index and analysis of spatial distribution. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 2398-2402.
Read the paper

Pampoulie, C., Skirnisdottir, S., Olafsdottir, G., Helyar, S., Thorsteinsson, V., Jonsson, S., Frechet, A., Durif, C.M.F., Sherman, S., Lampart-Kaluzniacka, M., Hedelholm, R., Danielsdottir, A.K., Kasper, J.M. 2014. Genetic structure of the lumpfish Cyclopterus lumpus across the North Atlantic. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 2390-2397.
Read the paper

Melià, P., Crivelli, A. J., Durif, C., Poole, R., and Bevacqua, D. 2014. A simplified method to estimate body growth parameters of the European eel Anguilla anguillaJournal of Fish Biology 85: 978-984.
Read the paper

Fields, D.M., J.A. Runge, C. Thompson, S.D. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. Browman. 2015. Infection of the planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus by the parasitic dinoflagellate, Blastodinium spp.: effects on grazing, respiration, fecundity, and fecal pellet production. Journal of Plankton Research 37: 211-220.
Read the paper

Skiftesvik, A.B., Durif, C.M.F. Bjelland R.M. & H.I. Browman. 2015. Distribution and habitat preferences of five species of wrasse (family Labridae) in a Norwegian fjord. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72: 890-899.
Read the paper

Maneja, R.H., A.Y. Frommel, H.I. Browman, A.J. Geffen, A. Folkvord, U. Piatkowski, C.M.F. Durif, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & C. Clemmesen. 2015. The swimming kinematics and foraging behavior of larval Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus L., are resilient to elevated pCO2. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 466: 42-48.
Read the paper

Durif, C.M.F., D.M. Fields, H.I. Browman, S.D. Shema, J.R. Enoae, A.B. Skiftesvik, R.M. Bjelland, R. Sommaruga and M.T. Arts. 2015. UV radiation changes algal stoichiometry but does not have cascading effects on a marine food chain. Journal of Plankton Research 37: 1120-1136. (Featured article).
Read the paper

Runge, J.A., D.M. Fields, C. Thompson, S. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. Browman. 2016. End of the century CO2 concentrations do not have a negative effect on vital rates of Calanus finmarchicus, an ecologically critical planktonic species in North Atlantic ecosystems. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 937-950.
Read the paper

Halvorsen, K.T., T.K. Sørdalen, C.M.F. Durif, H. Knutsen, E.M. Olsen, A.B. Skiftesvik, T.E. Rustand, R.M. Bjelland & L.A. Vøllestad. 2016. Male biased sexual size dimorphism in the nest building corkwing  wrasse (Symphodus melops): implications for a size regulated fishery.ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 2586-2594.
Read the paper

Loew, E.R., A.B. Skiftesvik, R. Bjelland, H.I. Browman & C. Durif. 2016. Spectral sensitivity and contrast potentials for four species of cleaner fish. Institute of Marine Research Report No. 39-2016. 12 pp.
Read the report

Castonguay, M. and C.M.F. Durif. 2016. Understanding the decline in anguillid eels. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 1-4.
Read the paper

2017

Glass eels (Anguilla anguilla) have a magnetic compass linked to the tidal cycle.

Cresci, A, C.B. Paris, C.M.F. Durif, S. Shema, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. Browman. 2017. Glass eels (Anguilla anguilla) have a magnetic compass linked to the tidal cycle. Science Advances e1602007
Read the article

The early life stages of the Arctic copepod Calanus glacialis are unaffected by increased seawater pCO2.

Bailey, A., P. Thor, H.I. Browman, D.M. Fields, J.A. Runge, A. Vermont, R. Bjelland, C. Thompson, S. Shema, C.M.F. Durif & H. Hop. 2017. The early life stages of the Arctic copepod Calanus glacialis are unaffected by increased seawater pCO2. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74: 996-1004.
Read the paper

Whether European eel leptocephali have a magnetic compass that guides their migration remains an open question – Comment on “A Magnetic Map Leads Juvenile European Eels to the Gulf Stream”

Durif, C.M.F, S. Bonhommeau, C. Briand, H.I. Browman, M. Castonguay, F. Daverat, W. Dekker, E. Diaz, R. Hanel, M. Miller, A. Moore, C.B. Paris, A.B. Skiftesvik, H. Westerberg & H. Wickström. 2017. Whether European eel leptocephali have a magnetic compass that guides their migration remains an open question – Comment on “A Magnetic Map Leads Juvenile European Eels to the Gulf Stream”, by Naisbett-Jones et al. (2017). Current Biology (submitted).

The effects of an anti-sea lice chemotherapeutant, hydrogen peroxide, on mortality, escape response and oxygen consumption of Calanus spp.

Escobar, R.H., D.M. Fields, H.I. Browman, S.D. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & C.M.F. Durif. The effects of an anti-sea lice chemotherapeutant, hydrogen peroxide, on mortality, escape response and oxygen consumption of Calanus spp. Environmental Science and Technology (in preparation).

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

Submitted manuscripts

Durif, C.M.F, S. Bonhommeau, C. Briand, H.I. Browman, M. Castonguay, F. Daverat, W. Dekker, E. Diaz, R. Hanel, M. Miller, A. Moore, C.B. Paris, A.B. Skiftesvik, H. Westerberg & H. Wickström. 2017. Whether European eel leptocephali have a magnetic compass that guides their migration remains an open question – Comment on “A Magnetic Map Leads Juvenile European Eels to the Gulf Stream”, by Naisbett-Jones et al. (2017). Current Biology.

Manuscripts in preparation

Bjelland, R.M., Opstad, O., Skiftesvik, A.B. & H.I. Browman. Comparison of behaviour, growth and gut enzyme activity in the early life stages of cod (Gadus morhua L.) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.).

Bjelland, R.M., Skiftesvik, A.B. & H.I. Browman. Behavioural responses of larval cod (Gadus morhua L.) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.) to odours.

Browman, H.I., R.C. Chambers, A.B. Skiftesvik & C.M.F. Durif. Search strategy and foraging behaviour in young-of-the-year Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpusL.).

Cresci, A, C.B. Paris, C.M.F. Durif, S. Shema, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. Browman. Glass eels (Anguilla anguilla) orientation is correlated with the position of the moon, even when they cannot see it.

Cresci, A, C.B. Paris, C.M.F. Durif, S. Shema, R. Bjelland, A.B. Skiftesvik, A.-L. Agnalt, O. Samuelsen & H.I. Browman. Learning in juvenile European lobster, Homarus gammarus., is negatively affected by exposure to hydrogen peroxide.

Durif, C.M.F., Eriksen, E. Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) in the Barents Sea: Trends in stock and temporal variation between 1980 and 2012.

Durif, C.M.F., A.B. Skiftesvik, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. Browman. Population estimates for several species of wrasse in Norway using mark-recapture techniques.

Durif, C.M.F., Relationship between eel skin color and maturation stage.

Durif, C.M.F., Verhey, E., Palstra, A., Hekman, M., van Ginneken, V., Lipid compounds in muscle and ovary tissue in pre-migrant and silver (migratory) European eel: an MRI and LCMS study.

Durif, C.M.F., A.B. Skiftesvik & H.I. Browman. Marine vs. freshwater residency of European eels during the ongrowing life history stages.

Escobar, R.H., D.M. Fields, H.I. Browman, S.D. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, A.B. SKIFTESVIK & C.M.F. Durif. The effects of an anti-sea lice chemotherapeutant, hydrogen peroxide, on mortality, escape response and oxygen consumption of Calanus spp. Environmental Science and Technology.

Paris, C.B., H.I. Browman, A.B. Skiftesvik, S. Shema, M. Foretich, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif & C.J. O’Brien. Ontogeny of orientation in Atlantic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) larvae measured in situ.

Paris, C.B., H.I. Browman, A.B. Skiftesvik, S. Shema, M. Foretich, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif & C.J. O’Brien & S. Meier. Effect of petrochemicals on swimming and orientation of Atlantic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) larvae measured in situ.

Runge, J.A., David Fields, Cameron Thompson, Caroline Durif, Steven Shema, Reidun Bjelland, Anne-Berit Skiftesvik and Howard I. Browman. Interaction between temperature and pH on growth and respiration of the planktonic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus. ICES Journal of Marine Science.

Runge, J.A., D.M. Fields, C. Thompson, S. Shema, R.M. Bjelland, C.M.F. Durif, A.B. Skiftesvik, M. Arts, A. Mount, V. Chan & H.I. Browman. Vital rates of the salmon louse, Lepeotheirus salmonis, are unaffected by high CO2 but are affected by temperature.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. Browman. Population dynamics of several species of wrasse in Norway.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. Browman. Behaviour and interactions between different species of cleanerfish in salmon aquaculture net pens.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland, E.R. Loew & H.I. Browman. Retinal spectral sensitivity and the effect of artificial lighting on the delousing efficiency of wrasse in sea cages.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. Browman. Species distribution and habitat of wrasse along the Norwegian coast.

Skiftesvik, A.B., C.M.F. Durif, R.M. Bjelland & H.I. Browman. Effect of fishing pressure on age, growth and species composition of wrasse along the Norwegian coast, 1990-present day.

Last updated: June 13, 2017